Frameworks for Large Agile Projects

October 6, 2015 CollabNet VersionOne

Things are getting more and more interesting with the use of agile in larger and larger projects. We now have a number of frameworks that we can use, such as LeSS, Scaled Agile Framework® (SAFe®), DAD and Scrum at Scale. These frameworks can all be investigated with a few clicks of your mouse. And in true style the internet has a number of people telling us that these frameworks are bad. That they are prescriptive, or that they lack flexibility. If you look you can find the flame wars where you can get messages such as:

  • Frameworks are bad and that you should simply make your own approach up
  • My framework is better than your framework
  • Frameworks are not agile
  • And indeed many others

I have a different view. These frameworks contain many years of experience from people who have been working in the software industry and have a rich experience. They have recorded their ideas and given us information about things that work. They are uncovering better ways of developing software by doing it and helping others. Where have I heard that before? Of course if you think that you have more experience than all these people combined, then of course you should go it your own way. But if that is true, please tell us what your experiences are!

So which framework matches your needs best? Now that really is something that you can only answer, although you can take advice. All of the frameworks have something to recommend them, and while they are all built on what turns out to be very similar foundations, they do sometimes assume a different starting point. Some are for people who are more experienced, while some offer more structure to help you get started.

All of the frameworks include the principle of continuous improvement, meaning that they should all be seen as a starting point. As you learn, you will apply your lessons through inspect and adapt, or the familiar Deming cycle of PDCA. You own the framework that you adopt!

The warning is that frameworks are not a software development silver bullet. They will need investment and effort to establish and grow. How to design your framework, how to build it, and how to get the people ready are really key questions. Are you at a starting point for a framework or do you need to spend more time establishing your basic agile teams, educating the people or exploring your lean process?

The experience is that framework implementations which are nurtured and supported exceed beyond the expectations. While those that are established in the hopes of a quick and easy miracle, deliver as expected.

Good luck!

Scaled Agile Framework and SAFe are registered trademarks of Scaled Agile, Inc.

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